ASK© Publications


Primary Development Paper

Young NL, Williams JI, Yoshida KK, Wright JG: Measurement properties of the activities scale for kids.Journal of Clinical Epidemiology 2000, 53:125-137.

Other Development Papers

Plint AC, Gaboury I, Owen J, Young NL: Activities scale for kids: an analysis of normals.Journal of pediatric orthopedics 2003, 23:788-790.

Young NL, Williams JI, Yoshida KK, Bombardier C, Wright JG: The context of measuring disability: does it matter whether capability or performance is measured?Journal of Clinical Epidemiology 1996, 49:1097-1101.

Young NL, Yoshida KK, Williams JI, Bombardier C, Wright JG: The role of children in reporting their physical disability.Archives of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation 1995, 76:913-918.

Studies that have included the ASK

Database(s): Embase 1980 to 2020 Week 29
Search Strategy: [(Activities Scale for OR (Activity Scales for OR (Activities Scales for] & limit (article or article in press)

Costi, S., Bressi, B., Cavuto, S., Braglia, L., Ferrari, A., & Pelosin, E. (2020). Cross-cultural validation of Activities Scale for Kids: the performance of healthy Italian children. The Journal of sports medicine and physical fitness, 60(7), 1014-1019. doi:

Costi, S., Mecugni, D., Beccani, L., Alboresi, S., Bressi, B., Paltrinieri, S., . . . Pelosin, E. (2020). Construct Validity of the Activities Scale for Kids Performance in Children with Cerebral Palsy: Brief Report. Developmental Neurorehabilitation. doi:

Silkwood-Sherer, D. J., & McGibbon, N. H. (2020). Can hippotherapy make a difference in the quality of life of children with cerebral palsy? A pragmatic study. Physiotherapy theory and practice, 1-11. doi:

Ghorbanpour, Z., Hosseini, S. A., Akbarfahimi, N., & Rahgozar, M. (2019). Correlation between sleep disorders and function in children with spastic cerebral palsy. Iranian Journal of Child Neurology, 13(3), 35-44.

Younis, M. H., Mahmoud, K., Kawas, A., & Ibrahim, T. (2019). Early versus late hip spica casting for paediatric femoral shaft fractures. Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics Part B, 28(2), 122-126. doi:

Phillips, L., Carsen, S., Vasireddi, A., & Mulpuri, K. (2018). Use of Patient-reported Outcome Measures in Pediatric Orthopaedic Literature. Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics, 38(8), 393-397. doi:

Ho, P. C., Chang, C. H., Granlund, M., & Hwang, A. W. (2017). The Relationships Between Capacity and Performance in Youths With Cerebral Palsy Differ for GMFCS Levels. Pediatric physical therapy : the official publication of the Section on Pediatrics of the American Physical Therapy Association, 29(1), 23-29.

Sewell, M. D., Platinum, J., Askin, G. N., Labrom, R., Hutton, M., Chan, D., . . . Lehovsky, J. (2017). Do Growing Rods for Idiopathic Early Onset Scoliosis Improve Activity and Participation for Children? Journal of Pediatrics, 182, 315-320.e311. doi:

Silva, M., Avoian, T., Warnock, R. S., Sadlik, G., & Ebramzadeh, E. (2017). It is not just comfort: Waterproof casting increases physical functioning in children with minimally angulated distal radius fractures. Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics Part B, 26(5), 417-423. doi:

Wu, R., Sun, J., Xiao, J., Liu, Y., Xue, F., Wang, H., . . . Young, N. L. (2017). A prospective study of health-related quality of life of boys with severe haemophilia A in China: comparing on-demand to prophylaxis treatment. Haemophilia, 23(3), 430-436. doi:

Fabbri, L., Neviani, R., Festini, F., & Costi, S. (2016). Transcultural validation of activities scale for kids (ASK): Translation and pilot test. Acta Biomedica, 87(Supplement2), 70-79.

Paixao, D., Cavalheiro, L. M., Goncalves, R. S., & Ferreira, P. L. (2016). Portuguese cultural adaptation and validation of the Activities Scale for Kids (ASK). [Adaptacao a cultura portuguesa e validacao da Escala de Atividades para Criancas (ASK).]. Jornal de Pediatria, 92(4), 367-373. doi:

Sewell, M. D., Wallace, C., Gibson, A., Noordeen, H., Tucker, S., Molloy, S., & Lehovsky, J. (2016). A retrospective review to assess whether spinal fusion and scoliosis correction improved activity and participation for children with Angelman syndrome. Developmental Neurorehabilitation, 19(5), 315-320. doi:

Christakou, A., & Laiou, A. (2014). Comparing the psychometric properties of the pediatric outcomes data collection instrument and the activities scales for kids: a review. Journal of child health care : for professionals working with children in the hospital and community, 18(3), 207-214. doi:

Law, M., Hanna, S., Anaby, D., Kertoy, M., King, G., & Xu, L. (2014). Health-related quality of life of children with physical disabilities: A longitudinal study. BMC Pediatrics, 14(1). doi:

Piscione, P. J., Davis, A. M., & Young, N. L. (2014). An examination of adolescent bone tumor patient responses on the Activities Scale for Kids (ASK). Physical & occupational therapy in pediatrics, 34(2), 213-228. doi:

Schmale, G. A., Mazor, S., Mercer, L. D., & Bompadre, V. (2014). Lack of benefit of physical therapy on function following supracondylar humeral fracture: A randomized controlled trial. Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery – American Volume, 96(11), 944-950. doi:

Bjornson, K. F., Zhou, C., Stevenson, R., & Christakis, D. A. (2013). Capacity to participation in cerebral palsy: Evidence of an indirect path via performance. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 94(12), 2365-2372. doi:

Sibinski, M., Synder, M., Higgs, Z. C. J., Kujawa, J., & Grzegorzewski, A. (2013). Quality of life and functional disability in skeletally mature patients with myelomeningocele-related spinal deformity. Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics Part B, 22(2), 106-109. doi:

Barnett, P. L. J., Lee, M. H., Oh, L., Cull, G., & Babl, F. (2012). Functional outcome after air-stirrup ankle brace or fiberglass backslab for pediatric low-risk ankle fractures: A randomized observer-blinded controlled trial. Pediatric Emergency Care, 28(8), 745-749. doi:

Leu, D., Sargent, M. C., Ain, M. C., Leet, A. I., Tis, J. E., & Sponseller, P. D. (2012). Spica casting for pediatric femoral fractures: A prospective, randomized controlled study of single-leg versus double-leg spica casts. Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery – Series A, 94(14), 1259-1264. doi:

Moreau, N. G., Falvo, M. J., & Damiano, D. L. (2012). Rapid force generation is impaired in cerebral palsy and is related to decreased muscle size and functional mobility. Gait Posture, 35(1), 154-158. doi:10.1016/j.gaitpost.2011.08.027

Sheiko, M., Bjornson, K., Lisle, J., Song, K., Eary, J. F., & Conrad, Iii E. U. (2012). Physical activity assessment in adolescents with limb salvage. Journal of Pediatrics, 161(6), 1138-1141. doi:

Silkwood-Sherer, D. J., Killian, C. B., Long, T. M., & Martin, K. S. (2012). Hippotherapy–an intervention to habilitate balance deficits in children with movement disorders: a clinical trial. Physical Therapy, 92(5), 707-717.

Silva, M., Eagan, M. J., Wong, M. A., Dichter, D. H., Ebramzadeh, E., & Zionts, L. E. (2012). A comparison of two approaches for the closed treatment of low-energy tibial fractures in children. Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery – Series A, 94(20), 1853-1860. doi:

Bagley, A. M., Gorton, G. E., Bjornson, K., Bevans, K., Stout, J. L., Narayanan, U., & Tucker, C. A. (2011). Factor- and item-level analyses of the 38-item Activities Scale for Kids-performance. Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology, 53(2), 161-166. doi:

Barkat-Masih, M., Saha, C., & Golomb, M. R. (2011). ASKing the kids: How children view their abilities after perinatal stroke. Journal of Child Neurology, 26(1), 44-48. doi:

Klepper, S. E. (2011). Measures of pediatric function: Child Health Assessment Questionnaire (C-HAQ), Juvenile Arthritis Functional Assessment Scale (JAFAS), Pediatric Outcomes Data Collection Instrument (PODCI), and Activities Scale for Kids (ASK). Arthritis Care and Research, 63(SUPPL. 11), S371-S382. doi:

Roposch, A., Liu, L. Q., Offiah, A. C., & Wedge, J. H. (2011). Functional outcomes in children with osteonecrosis secondary to treatment of developmental dysplasia of the hip. Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery – Series A, 93(24), e145.141-e145.111. doi:

Von Keyserlingk, C., Boutis, K., Willan, A. R., Hopkins, R. B., & Goeree, R. (2011). Cost-effectiveness analysis of cast versus splint in children with acceptably angulated wrist fractures. International Journal of Technology Assessment in Health Care, 27(2), 101-107. doi:

Boutis, K., Willan, A., Babyn, P., Goeree, R., & Howard, A. (2010). Cast versus splint in children with minimally angulated fractures of the distal radius: A randomized controlled trial. Cmaj, 182(14), 1507-1512. doi:

Moreau, N. G., Simpson, K. N., Teefey, S. A., & Damiano, D. L. (2010). Muscle architecture predicts maximum strength and is related to activity levels in cerebral palsy. Physical Therapy, 90(11), 1619-1630.

Dillon, E. R., Bjornson, K. F., Jaffe, K. M., Hall, J. G., & Song, K. (2009). Ambulatory activity in youth with arthrogryposis: A cohort study. Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics, 29(2), 214-217. doi:

Young, N. L., Varni, J. W., Snider, L., McCormick, A., Sawatzky, B., Scott, M., . . . Nicholas, D. (2009). The Internet is valid and reliable for child-report: An example using the Activities Scale for Kids (ASK) and the Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory (PedsQL). Journal of Clinical Epidemiology, 62(3), 314-320. doi:

Wright, J. G., Smith, P. L., Owen, J. L., & Fehlings, D. (2008). Assessing functional outcomes of children with muscular dystrophy and scoliosis: The muscular dystrophy spine questionnaire. Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics, 28(8), 840-845. doi:

Boutis, K., Willan, A. R., Babyn, P., Narayanan, U. G., Alman, B., & Schuh, S. (2007). A randomized, controlled trial of a removable brace versus casting in children with low-risk ankle fractures. Pediatrics, 119(6), e1256-e1263. doi:

Palisano, R. J., Copeland, W. P., & Galuppi, B. E. (2007). Performance of physical activities by adolescents with cerebral palsy. Physical Therapy, 87(1), 77-87. doi:

Morris, C., Kurinczuk, J. J., Fitzpatrick, R., & Rosenbaum, P. L. (2006). Do the abilities of children with cerebral palsy explain their activities and participation? Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology, 48(12), 954-961. doi:

Plint, A. C., Perry, J. J., Correll, R., Gaboury, I., & Lawton, L. (2006). A randomized, controlled trial of removable splinting versus casting for wrist buckle fractures in children. Pediatrics, 117(3), 691-697. doi:

Smith, P. L., Owen, J. L., Fehlings, D., & Wright, J. G. (2005). Measuring physical function in children with spina bifida and dislocated hips: The Spina Bifida Hips Questionnaire. Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics, 25(3), 273-279. doi:

Wai, E. K., Young, N. L., Feldman, B. M., Badley, E. M., & Wright, J. G. (2005). The relationship between function, self-perception, and spinal deformity: Implications for treatment of scoliosis in children with spina bifida. Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics, 25(1), 64-69. doi:

Brunner, H. I., Maker, D., Grundland, B., Young, N. L., Blanchette, V., Stain, A. M., & Feldman, B. M. (2003). Preference-based measurement of health-related quality of life (HRQL) in children with chronic musculoskeletal disorders (MSKDs). Medical Decision Making, 23(4), 314-322. doi:

Pencharz, J., Young, N. L., Owen, J. L., & Wright, J. G. (2001). Comparison of three outcomes instruments in children. Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics, 21(4), 425-432. doi:

Graveline, C., Young, N., & Hwang, P. (2000). Disability evaluation in children with hemidecorticectomy: Use of the activity scales for kids and the pediatric evaluation disability inventory. Journal of Child Neurology, 15(1), 7-14. doi:

Wai, E. K., Owen, J., Fehlings, D., & Wright, J. G. (2000). Assessing physical disability in children with spina bifida and scoliosis. Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics, 20(6), 765-770. doi:

Review Papers that have included the ASK

Capio CM, Sit CHP, Abernethy B, Rotor ER: Physical activity measurement instruments for children with cerebral palsy: a systematic review.Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology 2010, 52:908-916.

Harvey A, Robin J, Morris ME, Graham HK, Baker R: A systematic review of measures of activity limitation for children with cerebral palsy.Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology 2008, 50:190-198.

Morris C, Kurinczuk JJ, Fitzpatrick R: Child or family assessed measures of activity performance and participation for children with cerebral palsy: a structured review.Child: Care, Health & Development 2005, 31:397-407.